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Interesting Natural Phenomena
The natural preserve is on the east side of the village Slezské Pavlovice. Wetlands in the park are probably the remains of a pond and its bottom is covered with red-grass, reeds and there are alder trees and willows. Vegetation of primeval forest character can be found even today. The greatest oak has a height of 28 m and girth of the trunk is 475 cm. Very rare and protected common crane have been frequently observed there during nesting times. The Central-European bird migration zone leads through this area.
Lava flow near Mezina is a natural monument, which can be found near the village Mezina. The Natural monument consists of stone folding in the former quarry. This unusual stone structure was created in the stream of lava from the volcano Venus. The area of the old quarry is partly covered by overgrown trees. In exposed areas there is a clearly visible columnar cleat of mined olivine basalt.
Natural monument Meanders of Lučina is located on the south-west edge of the town Havířov around the river flow Lučina. The area was declared a natural monument in 1991 and occupies an area of 40.65 hectares. The area is situated at an altitude between 244 and 264 meters above sea level. The Natural monument consists of the river flow Lučina which in this area created natural meanders, onto which wetlands with floodplain vegetation are connected.
This is the largest area of Carpathian beech and fir forest in the Czech Republic. The Mionší Nature Trail is devised as a 7 km long circuit, which has 10 stops, each fitted with an information board. The aim is to enable visitors to examine at least a part of the legendary Beskydy ‘ancient forest’ while at the same time keeping the forest intact. For this reason the trail is seasonal – it open to the public from June 1st till September 15th. The entry point is located in the village of Dolní Lomná, about 200 m from the bus stop, at the mouth of the Mionší stream. You can leave the car by the bus stop in the car park.
It is a small lake that was created by partial flooding of the quarry and it is located on the hillside of the peak Milíř (698 m). It rises eastwards in direction from the village Karlovice.
Nature reserve Novodvorský marsh is located on the east side of the town Frýdek-Mistek. It was declared a nature reserve area in 2001, it occupies an area of 2.7 hectares and it is at an altitude of 318-322 m. The nature reserve Novodvorský marsh consists of wetland meadows, which on the south-eastern part of the reservation change into forest growth.
National Natural Monument is located in the cadastral territory of Kravaře in Silesia, in the area of the former sand-pit. It is at an altitude between 254 and 275 m and is approximately 1 km northwest of Kravaře in an area of 1.64 hectares.
Petrovy kameny are the peak rock wall on the main ridge of Hrubý Jeseník, 1.5 km south from Praděd on the forked branch Vysoké hole. Rocks are made up of low-resistant gneiss. Petrovy kameny have been declared a nature reserve which has been incorporated into the National Nature Reserve-Praděd.
Close to the village of Rešov flows the stream of Huntava, which locally forms a unique stretch of landscape – a 200m long and 6-10m wide gorge with cascading waterfalls, pools, basins and shapes resulting from erosion (giant cauldrons). It is the largest waterfall in the Nízký Jeseník Mountains. Slunce Aquacentre
It was declared a natural monument in 1989 as a protected natural monument with an area of 4.39 hectares and an altitude of 332-336 m. It is in Krnov in the former brickwork territory and the adjacent quarry near the road leading to the border crossing with Poland. This location was due to the presence of amphibians included in the network Natura 2000 as a significant European location.
Ostrava’s conic slag heap was gradually formed by piling up mine debris from 1920 to 1960 Its top reaches 315 above sea level, making it one of the city’s highest points Terezie-Ema is easily accessible along the yellow-marked hiking route leading from Ostrava’s center or the Ostrava Zoo The slag heap, nicknamed “Ostrava’s volcano”, is active and burns within Thanks to high temperatures, its surface sees the growth of thermophilic steppe flora and in the winter snow almost never holds Aside from rare plant life, the slag heap is also interesting for its outstanding panoramas of the city and region You’ll have Ostrava in the palm of your hand.
On the right valley slope of the river Tichávka, on the west outskirts of the village Tichá, at an altitude of around 370 meters, an outstanding protected natural monument - travertine cascade - is located. It is about 120 meters long and along its entire length there is no other affluent. The stream bed is formed by travertine mound with a height of 10-70 cm. In its upper creek the stream flows through woods and, due to the large velocity of flowing water in those places travertine cascades of greatest thickness are deposited. In the second half of the flow the stream wound its way along the edge of the meadow. However, after the floods in 1997 the surrounding banks slipped and were damaged and the lower parts of the stream of Travertine as well. Spring´s lime-stones (in Czech also calcareous tuffs) there are rocks deposited from water flowing from springs rich in calcium carbonate.
Natural monument Váňův kámen is located in the area of a former quarry, west of Kopřivnice. The area was declared a natural monument in 1993 on an area of 0.77 hectares. Váňův kámen is at an altitude of 416-447 m. The Natural monument Váňův kámen consists of a rock formation which was created by iceberg of the Jurassic limestone. This stone is one of a small amount of natural rock formations that was not damaged by mining of limestone in the vicinity of the town Štramberk. It is also a popular place for rock climbers.
Venus´s Volcano (643 m above sea level) is a remarkable natural curiosity. It is a hill that rises in the southeast direction above the village Mezina. It is a Quaternary volcano. The volcano peak is covered with reddish-brown slag and volcanic sand. We can also see the direction that lava flowed previously from the volcano, on the north-east side there are two lava flows. At the top of the volcano we can find main dished crater and the side crater with the cave overhang on the east side.